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澳门赌厅PT熊之舞【bigchinaintl.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。阿勒泰锹瓜奄幼儿园(原江门疾沽网络技术有限公司)成立于1991年,占地面积95060平方米,华博在线赌场其中生产厂房占地4506平方米,仓库面积占地0964平方米。固定资产9720万元,流动资产7709万元,干部职工共667人,工程技术人员47人。澳门赌厅PT熊之舞ByChenDaofu,,2014(Total4617)"Unreal"ElementsInnature,(suchasexpectationforfuturepricehike,sometheoriesofassetspriceappraisal,derivativemoneythatisnotbasedonrealsavings,unreasonableimplicitguaranteesbygovernments,whichareakindofseparationfromthereality),thenationaleconomyformsinacertainlocalfieldaself-circulationsystemthatisinconsistentwithabiggersystem,butcanbemaintainedwithinaconsiderablylongperiodoftimethroughself-fulfillingmechanism,policy,cesofotherstructuresofthesystem,cehike(price-typebubble)orcontinuedincreaseofsupply(quantity-typebubble).Bubblesseasierfersdoesnotevolvealongasmoothcurve;insteadtherearerotationsbetweencentralcountries(inviewoftheevolvementhistoryofcapitalisminrecent500years,centralcountriesoftenfirstlyundergotheperiodofcommodityandserviceexpansion,andthengraduallydeclineinthefinancialexpansionperiod,withrotationsbetweendifferentcentralcountries1),,thedrivingforceofeconomicgrowthchangesandthemainsocialconflictchanges,sunderstanding,macropolicy,economicsystemandorganizationstillstayontheoriginalgrowthpath,orartificiallykeepeconomicgrowthspeedattheleveloftheprecedingperiodwiththehelpofrelevantsectorssuchassomeindustrialinvestmentsectors,realty,andevenconsumptionsectors,untries,tendstohavebubblesduringtheshiftingprocessNationalEconomyDuetovariouskindsofsubjectiveandobjectivecauses,therearelotsofseparationsatdifferentlevelsintheoperationofChinasnationaleconomy,andtheseseparationsformthreerelativelyimportantself-circulations,:doublesurpluses–,Chinaisapartofthe,,theFederalReservegreatlyloosenedmonetarypolicy,causingconsumptionbubbles,,someEuropeancountrieshavegreatlyincreasedtheissuanceoftheirtreasurybonds,keepingtheirinterestratelow,sexport-orieecountries,andmanufacturesa,andbeguntheirinfrastructureconstructions,s,creatinghugetradesurpluses,whichhavechanged,underthecurrentexchangesettlementandsalessystem,intothemoneyissuedbybanksandthecentralbanktoexportdepartments(whenmoneysupplyaggregateisundercontrol,moneyissuancebynon-tradedepartmentsissuppressedtoacertainextent).Underthespecificexchangerateandforeignexchangeadministrativesystem,themoneyisconvertedintohugeamountofforeignexchangereserve,whichisinvestedinfinancialmarketsintheUnitedStatesandEurope,bringingdowntheirinterestrate,providingthemwiththefinancialsupportforconsumingproductswithborrowedmoney,theunrestrainedUSdollarissuance(eddieMac)haveenabledsuchapractice(Figure1).ByLvWei,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo136,2014(Total4635)The18thCPCNaation-drivendevelopmentisthetransformationofdevelopmentmotivationinnatureanditurgentlyrequir"perfectingthemarket-orientedmechanismfortechnicalinnovationandgivingplaytotheguidingroleofmarketinRDdirection,routeselection,elementpriceandallocationofvariousinnovationelements".Inthemarketeconomy,thegovernmentcanworkonmarketmechanesourcestoInnovationHerearesomecasesabouthowthegovernmentofmarketeconomycountriesinfluencingthemarketmechani:RelaxingpricecontrolintargetedfieldsandreducingandexemptingtaxestopromotetechnicalprogressinshalegasexplorationanddevelopmentintheUnitedStatesAttheendoftheworldoilcrisisinthe1970s,theUSgovernmentkeptthedomesticnaturalgaspriceundercontrol,cripplingtheinitiativeofnaturalglsupplyshortage,theUSgovernmentpromulgatedseverallaw,itpromulgatedtheNaturalGasPolicyActin1978toabolishthecontrolovernaturalgaspricea,itenactedtheCrudeOilWindfallProfitTaxActtoinitiatelong-termtaxreductionandexemptionforunconventionalenergydevelopmentandtheunconventionalgasdrilledfrom1980to19,thegovernmentexpandedthescopeoftaxreductionandexemptionforunconventionalenergythroughseveralroundsofralgas,boostedtheinitiativeofUSenergyenterprisesindevelopingthegas,droveenterprisestomakecontinuousinno,break,shalegasoutputoftheUnitedStateshaskeptrisingbyover60%,includingsomemagnatessuchasShellandExxonM:Adoptingpoliciesincludingfeed-intariffanddegressivefixedfeed-intarifftoencouragePVpowergenerationandpromotePVtechnologicaladvancementinGermanyIn1991,GermanypassedtheElectricityFeedLaw,clarifyingthethreeprinciplesforPVpowergeneration:compulsivegridconnection,thatpowergrid%yearbyyearandthedifferencebetweensolarfeed-int/kWh,generationwithrenewableenergy,butalsoensuredstableandreasonableinvestment,respectively,theGer,increasedtheannualtariffdecreasemargin,adopteddifferenttariffsfordifferentformsofsolarpowe,/,butalsopromotedmanufacturersofPVpowergenerati/kWin2006toUSD1/:RegularlyadjustingemissionstandardstopromoteprogressinenergyconservationandemissionreductionoftheautoindustryinEuropeEUcountriesadoptthesameexhaustemissionstandardforcarsⅠemissionstandards,EUROⅡ,EUROⅢ,EUROⅣandEUROⅤwereputintoeffectin1992,1996,2000,,EUpassedanotheract,requiringaveragecarbondioxideemissionfor95%ofthenewcarssoldwithinEUbelow95g/,autocompanieshavetomakemassiveinvestmentintechnologicalprogress,reducepollutionandcostbyimprovingcarstructurean:FormulatingstandardsandtimetablefortechnicalupgradingtopromotetechnologyapplicationandindustrialdevelopmentofdigitaltelevisionintheUnitedStatesTopromotethedevelopmentoftheinformationsuperhighway,in1992,theClintonadministrationregardeddigitaltelevisionwithrosymarke,itpassedtheTelecommunicationsActof1996andidentifiedtheti(FCC)wasresponsibleformakingrelatedplans,publicizingthetimetableofreplacingtheanalogTVsystemwithdigitalTVsystem,fundingplansandprojectsonchannelinstallationandallocation,formulatingpreferentialpoliciesforTVstations,manufacturersandusers,offeringrelatedpartiesaperiodoftimetoprepareforthetechnical,thefederalgovernmentformulatedsupportivepoliciessuchasrelaxingaccesscontrol,grantingfinancialsupportanddevelopingtheTVcontentindustrytorestrictmonopoly,(DTV)wasfirstusedinNovember1998andbyJune2009,theUnitedStateshadclosedtransmissionofallanalogtsnottruethatthegovernmentcandonothingtoallowthemarkettoplayitsroleinallocationofinnovationresources;instead,itcanguideallocationbyadjustin,inenvironmentalprotection,energysafetyandsomeotherfieldsunderstrongexternalinfluence,themarketmechanismwonlizetheexternalcostandbenefitbeforethemarketplaysitsguidingroletochannelmoresocialsourcestowardsinnovation.。

    ByMaJunZongFangyu,ResearchTeamon"KeyAreasforInnovativeDevelopmentBasicResearch"ofDRCResearchReportNo108,2013(Total4357)InChina,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)accountsfor99%ofthetotalnumberofenterprises,providingmorethan80%ofurbanjobopportunitiesandcontributingabout60%ofChina,"highinput,highenergyconsumptionandhighemission"andat"lowcost,lowpricesandlowprofits".Employeesare"badlypaid,inaccessibletosocialsecurity,facedwithhighlaborintensityandpoorworkingconditions".Thus,SMEshavebecomethefocalanddifficultpointinChina,obstaclesincurredfromrelevantsystemsandmechethetransfcesofvariouscountries:one,,andtheirpurchase,,ononehand,privateenterprisesaredisinclinedtooffertechnicalserviceinformationowingtoinadequatereturnsand,ontheother,SMEsarelesscapableofacquiring,,technol,andtechnologyownersareinclinedtousetechnologiestodevelopproductstoea,agoodmanySMEsareunabletoconducttechnologyresear,theexternalityoftechputbySMEsmorethandoublestheenterprises,,smallan,strengthofChinasSMEsisbyfarlowerthandevelopedcountries,,duetotheimperfectionofChinastechnologymarket,SMEscaneasilygainadvancedequipmentinthemarket,suchasthepurchaseofadvancedequipmentandcomputersystemswithcashorbymeansoffinancelease,,enterprises,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinChinaarealsotryingtocatchupwithworldadvancedtechnologiesandaremainlyinvestinginmaturetechnologiesadoptedbydevelopedcountries,whereastheyarrmediarytechnicalserviceagencies,developedcountrieshaveachievedgoodresultsinincreasingtechnologysourcesandimprovingtechnology-applyingcapabilitiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises. m-sizedandsmallenterprisesand,toimprovetheirdefectiveRDandtechnology-applyingcapabilities,bothcountrieshaveguidedRDinstitutionstodevelopappliedtechnologiesformedium-sizedandsmallenterprisesandsetupintermediarytechnicalserviceagenciestoenhancetheabilnterprisesAppliedtechnologyresearchanddevelopmentagenciesareamustforRD-deficient,therearelotsofindependently-runappliedtechnologyresearchanddevel,mostareengagedinthedevelopmentofappliedtechnologies,including:66researchinstitutesunderFraunhofer-Gesellschaftmainlyfundedbythefederalgovernment,86researchinstitutesundertheLeibniz-Gemeinschaft,16researchcentersunderHelmholtz,350researchinstitutionsorsoofcollegesanduniversitiesjointlyfundedbythefederalgovernmentandstategovernments,lynonprofitorganizations,suchasassociationsandfoundations,developmentinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises:Firstly,theRDinstitutionswillsettheguidelineof"providingtechnicalservicesforenterprises"and,mostly,theywillnotcommercializ,theRDinstitutionswillsetupreasonablegovernancemechanisms,suchasestablishingcouncilsdominatedbyadiversityofexternalmembers,roveimportantmatters,guaranteetheimplementationoforganizati,governmentguidanceisexercisedbygovernmentofficersparticipatingindecision-makingoftheinstitutionsasmembersofthecouncilsand,moreimportantly,thegovernmentgivespartofthefundstotradeassociationsparticipatedmainlybysmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesformanagementandtradeassociationsrepresentingthedemandersguideRDinstitutionstocooperatewithsmall,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinGermanyarestrongandoftenentrustscientificresearchinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforenterprises.,andeventheworldontothesamestage,cost-performanceratiobeclmarketsinlightofthedevelopmentofe-commerce,anddevelop,,theywillb,e-commercepromotestheapplicationofinformationtechnologybyenterprises,,enterpriseshaveinvestedheavilyinbuildingtheinformationsystemringwhereasthesupplyanddemandrelationshiphasnotseenanynot,andinsomecases,enterprisesfailtoachievebetterreturnsdespitetheirheavyITinput,commerceplatforms,itsmanufacturingoutputisfurthertiedwiththemarket,,withthehelpoftoolsforbigdataanalysisprovidedbye-commerceplatforms,theenterprisecancustomizeitsproductsaccordingtomarketchangesinatimelymanner,"lastkilometer"ofITapplicationbyenterprises,e-commercewilladvancetheprocessofpromotinginformationtec,(especiallyB2B)willfurtherimprovethesupplyanddemandrelat,responsibilitiesarebetterdividedintheindustryatlarge;thedevelopmentofindustrialclustersbecomesfaster;,andlargeenterprisesareshowinggrowingprrm;smalla,traditionalmonopolyinsomeindustriessuchasfinanceBao,despitetherapidgrowthofChinase-commerceinrecentyears,thedevelopmentismainlyaboutthefastevolutionandformationofe-commerceservices,whilee-commerceapplicationsarethe,futureeffortsernetofThings,cloudcomputingandbigdata,andcomeupwithnewideasandpathso“IndustrialInternet”thedivisiono,however,shouldnotbeadopted,andtheintegrationwithe-commerceplatformsshouldbestre,allsectorsshouldworktogethertofacilitatetheirtransformationandupgradingthroughe-commercesoastoimprovetheircapacityfortechnologyinnovationsaswellasChinasoverallcompetitiveness.10-200米ByMaJunZongFangyu,ResearchTeamon"KeyAreasforInnovativeDevelopmentBasicResearch"ofDRCResearchReportNo108,2013(Total4357)InChina,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)accountsfor99%ofthetotalnumberofenterprises,providingmorethan80%ofurbanjobopportunitiesandcontributingabout60%ofChina,"highinput,highenergyconsumptionandhighemission"andat"lowcost,lowpricesandlowprofits".Employeesare"badlypaid,inaccessibletosocialsecurity,facedwithhighlaborintensityandpoorworkingconditions".Thus,SMEshavebecomethefocalanddifficultpointinChina,obstaclesincurredfromrelevantsystemsandmechethetransfcesofvariouscountries:one,,andtheirpurchase,,ononehand,privateenterprisesaredisinclinedtooffertechnicalserviceinformationowingtoinadequatereturnsand,ontheother,SMEsarelesscapableofacquiring,,technol,andtechnologyownersareinclinedtousetechnologiestodevelopproductstoea,agoodmanySMEsareunabletoconducttechnologyresear,theexternalityoftechputbySMEsmorethandoublestheenterprises,,smallan,strengthofChinasSMEsisbyfarlowerthandevelopedcountries,,duetotheimperfectionofChinastechnologymarket,SMEscaneasilygainadvancedequipmentinthemarket,suchasthepurchaseofadvancedequipmentandcomputersystemswithcashorbymeansoffinancelease,,enterprises,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinChinaarealsotryingtocatchupwithworldadvancedtechnologiesandaremainlyinvestinginmaturetechnologiesadoptedbydevelopedcountries,whereastheyarrmediarytechnicalserviceagencies,developedcountrieshaveachievedgoodresultsinincreasingtechnologysourcesandimprovingtechnology-applyingcapabilitiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises. m-sizedandsmallenterprisesand,toimprovetheirdefectiveRDandtechnology-applyingcapabilities,bothcountrieshaveguidedRDinstitutionstodevelopappliedtechnologiesformedium-sizedandsmallenterprisesandsetupintermediarytechnicalserviceagenciestoenhancetheabilnterprisesAppliedtechnologyresearchanddevelopmentagenciesareamustforRD-deficient,therearelotsofindependently-runappliedtechnologyresearchanddevel,mostareengagedinthedevelopmentofappliedtechnologies,including:66researchinstitutesunderFraunhofer-Gesellschaftmainlyfundedbythefederalgovernment,86researchinstitutesundertheLeibniz-Gemeinschaft,16researchcentersunderHelmholtz,350researchinstitutionsorsoofcollegesanduniversitiesjointlyfundedbythefederalgovernmentandstategovernments,lynonprofitorganizations,suchasassociationsandfoundations,developmentinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises:Firstly,theRDinstitutionswillsettheguidelineof"providingtechnicalservicesforenterprises"and,mostly,theywillnotcommercializ,theRDinstitutionswillsetupreasonablegovernancemechanisms,suchasestablishingcouncilsdominatedbyadiversityofexternalmembers,roveimportantmatters,guaranteetheimplementationoforganizati,governmentguidanceisexercisedbygovernmentofficersparticipatingindecision-makingoftheinstitutionsasmembersofthecouncilsand,moreimportantly,thegovernmentgivespartofthefundstotradeassociationsparticipatedmainlybysmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesformanagementandtradeassociationsrepresentingthedemandersguideRDinstitutionstocooperatewithsmall,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinGermanyarestrongandoftenentrustscientificresearchinstitutionstodeveloptechnologiesforenterprises.。

    恒升AG水果拉霸,’sCross-BorderE-CommerceAsanewbusinessform,cross-bordere-commercehasseveraladvantagesincludinglowerentrythreshold,fewerintermediaries,lowercostandshortertransactioncycles,whichcanhelpdomesticbusinessesreducethecostininternationaltradeandfacilitateth,China’’sE-CommerceMarketDataMonitoringreleasedbyChinaResearchCenterofE-CommerceshowsthatChina’,%.Ofthetotaltransactionvolume,%%respectively,’senterprisesaremainlyconsumergoods,includinggarments,accessories,,skincareproducts,babyandmaternityproducts,luxurygoods,fashionclothes,electronicconsumergoods,,China’scross-bordere-commercecanbecategorizedintocross-borderB2Btrade(e-commercetransactionsbetweencompaniesinforeigntrade),cross-borderB2C(business-to-customerretailing)businessstartedonthefollowingmajore-retailingplatforms:Tmall,Suning,Yihaodian,,’sSingles’Day()in2014,businessesandconsumersof217countriesandregionsconductedtransactionsonAlibaba’splatform,whichindicatescross-,cross-borderB2BhasbeendominantinChina’scross-bordere-commerce,%rmsasAlibaba,DHgate,GlobalSources,Made-in-China,,,inthefuture,cross-borderB2Bbusinesswillmainlyinvolvematchingi’sEconomicTransformationandUpgradingThedevelopmentofcross-bordere-commercecannotonlyboostthegrowthofChina’sinternationaltradeandnationaleconomy,butalsopromotesthetransformationandupgradingofChina’’seconomictransformation,,developingcross-bordere-commercecanhelpChina’senterprise“InternetPlus”tics,China’,theycannotonlyhaveabetterandtimelyknowledgeofthedevelopmenttrendintheinternationalmarket,butalsounderstandandsatisfycustomers’,andmake“Made-in-China”and“ChinaService”,developingcross-bordere-commercecanfacilitatethetransformationandupgradingofChina’,overseasimporterstendtopurchaseinsmallandmediumvolumesinsteadoflargeones,,large-volumetransactionsincontainersoftenseenintraditionalforeigntradearegraduallyreplacedby“fragmented”t,expandingandpromotingapplicationofe-commerce,China’sexportenterprisesareabletoadapttothenewdevelopmenttrendoftheinternationalmarketandcultivatenewadvantagesofChina’,developingcross-bordere-commercefacilitatesthecultivationofbrandsofChina’,enableslargenumberofChina’senterprisestosteptothefront,(OEM)’“smallandcompetitive”’-commerceInordertosupportthedevelopmentofcross-bordere-commercewhichisanewformofcommercialactivity,GeneralAdministrationofCustomsofChina(GACC),GACChasstartedpilotworkinsomecitieswithenoughcross-bordere-commerceactiviti,theGeneralOfficeoftheStateCouncilforwardedOpinionsonImplementingRelevantPoliciestoSupportCross-BorderE-CommerceRetailExportjointlyissuedbyninedepartmentsincludingMinistryofCommerce,NationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,MinistryofFinance,thePeople’:toestablishanewtypeofcustomsregulatorymodelforexportbye-commerceandrecordthedatainaspecialprogram;tosetuparegulatorymodelfore-exportinspection;tosupportforeignexchangecollectionandsettlementofe-exportingindustries;toencouragebankinginstitutionsandpaymentagenciestoprovidepaymentservicesforcross-bordere-commerce;toimplementtaxpoliciessuitablefore-export;,includingShanghai,Chongqing,Hangzhou,Ningbo,Zhengzhou,GuangzhouandShenzhen,areencouragedtoactivelyandeffectivelypromote,“personalpostalarticlestax”,equivalenttopersonalarticles,andareeligibleforthewaiverof“tariffplusvalue-addedtaxplusconsumptiontax”,inJuly2014,GACCapprovedthemodelofbondedimportinthisindustrybyissuingAnnouncementonIssuesConcerningtheRegulationofGoodsandArticlesEnteringandExitingChinathroughCross-BorderTra,theStateAdministrationofForeignExchangeraisedtheupperlimitofasingletransactionincross-bordere-commercefrom$10,000to$50,,inordertosupportcross-bordere-commerce,theGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantine(AQSIQ)issuedOpinionsonDeepeningtheReformoftheRegulatoryModelofInspectionandQuarantine,,theStateCouncilreleasedGuidingOpinionsonPromotingSoundandRapidDevelopmentofCross-BorderE-Commerce,focusingonprovidingsolutionstothepbordere-commerce,topromoteimproveregulatorypoliciesandmeasuresofinspectionandquarantine,andtoprovidepositivefiscalsupport,soastofacilitateprocedure-baseddevelopmentofcross-bordere-commerce.,2015TheRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment(Recommendationsforshorthereafter)approvedattheFifthPlenarySessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinafocusesonChina’sadaptationtothenewtrendofeconomicglobalizationandacceleratingthecultivationpsystem,whichconstitutesthesignificantguidelineforChinatorementsforAcceleratingtheEstablishmentofaNewOpening-UpSystemAtpresent,theexternalenvironmentandinternalconditionsforChina’ttothechangesinglobaleconomicpatternAftertheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,theworldeconomyenteredthein-depthadjustmentperiodwi,developedcountriesadoptedquantitativeeasingpolicies(QE)oneafteranother,buttooknosubstantivemeasuresforstructuralreform,,takinggrowingsharesintheworldeconomy,but“growattwospeeds”,withUSeconomyembarkingonagrowingtrackagain,“towardstwodifferentdirections”,’seconomygro,Chinahastoacceleratetheestablishmentofanewopening-uwiththeincreasinglyfiercecompetitioninglobalrulesAftertheoutbreakofinternationalfinancialcrisis,theWTOprogressforfreetradewasseriouslyhindered,onsofTradeinServicesAgreement(TISA)andexpansionofInformationTechnologyAgreement(ITA)theydominated,leadingtofership(TPP)andTransatlanticTradeandInvestmentPartnership(TTIP),,developedcountriesincludednewissuesinnegotiationssuchaslaborstandard,environmentalprotection,intellectualpropertyright,“bordermeasures”to“behind-the-bordermeasures”soastoraisetheentrythtionalruleswiththeaimtoprotecttheinterestsofdevelopingcountries,butalsounderstandthatchangesininternationalrules,toaconsiderableextent,’,ChinamusttakeamoreproactiveandconfidentattitudetoacceleratetheestablishmentofsystemsopanopeneconomyatahighlevelInrecentyears,Chinahasmadegreateffortstopracticethe“GoGlobal”strategywhileintroducingforeigncapital,“BringIn”andGoGlobal”,China’soutboundinvestmenthitarecordhighof$,%.Comparedwiththeinboundforeigndirectinvestment,China’soutboundinvestmentwasdwarfedonlybyasmalldivideof$,,China’soutboundinvestmentwillsurpassforeigncapitalinflow,,whileadheringto“BringIn”strategy,Chinashouldtakemoreinitiativetogoglobal,advancetheimplementationthe“BeltandRoad”Initiative,andenhanceintern,itisrequiredtoacceleratetheinnovationinsystemsandmechanisms,andstrikeabetterbalancebetweenthetwo-wayinterestsof“BringIn”and“GoGlobal”.Weshouldfurtheropenupinexchangeoftheequivalenttreatmentofothercountriestopursuemutualbenefit,iveparticipationinglobaleconomicgovernanceAfter30yearsofreform,openingupandeconomicdevelopment,Chinahasdevelopedintotheworld’’smostimportantdesti,investmentandfinance,therehasbee,Chinawillhaveandmechanisms,boostitsinstitutionaladvantagesofopening-upandendationspointsoutthat“effortsshouldbemadetoperfectalegalized,internationalizedandfacilitatedbusinessenvironment,improvethesystemsandmechanismsthatboostmutualbenefitandwin-winresultsandalsoareadaptabletointernationaltradeandinvestmentrules”.Thedocumentspecifiesthegeneralrequirements,internationalizedandfacilitatedbusinessenvironmentTobuildalegalized,internationalizedandfacilitatedbusinessenvironment,itrequiressettingupafairandjustlegalsystem,atransparentande,legalmeasuresshouldbetedwithforeignaffairs,,openmarketwithorderlycompetitionandregulation,torespectnon-discriminatoryinternationalbusinesspracticesandtogivefairtre,intheareasofopening-upsuchastradeandinvestment,Chinashouldcomprehensivelyadvancethefacilitationofmanagementsystem,improveservicesupportsystemandfacilitatetheservicetomarketentities.ByZhangChenghui,Director-GeneraloftheResearchInstituteforFinance,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo106,2013(Total4355)ftheFinancialIndustryIfcategorizingisdoneintermsoftheintensityoffactorinputsandtheindustriesareclassifiedaslabor-intensive,capital-intensive,technology-intensiveandknowledge-intensive,thenthefinancialindustryisdeemedasa"contract-intensiveindustry".Asaspecialservicesector,thefinancialindustryrelatestocontractualarrangementsbeingfarmoreintensiveandcomplicatedthanotherindustriesinproductionandtradingoffinancialproducts,whicharemorevulnerableto"informationasymmetry"and"ethicalrisks".Hence,ifsoundenvironmentsforensuringthecontractimplementationarefewandfarbetween,riskswillincreasesubstantially,thusaffectinginvestorsinformationandtheirtradingaspirations,,,bankruptcylawsofIndonesia,SouthKorea,ThailandandRussiawerenotallcarriedoutstrictly,leavingcreditorsinterestsunprotected,andmalfunctioningenterprisesorfinancialptionoftheongoinginternationalfinancialcrisis:ononehand,withtheexplosivedevelopmentofthefinancialderivatives,loopholesappearagainstconsumerprotection;ontheotherhand,theissueof"toobigtofail(TBTF)"isquitetangibleindevelopedcountries,cialinfrastructureofacountryshouldincludelegalenvironment,dlegalenvironmentcanrelationsamongvariousstakeholder,namely,perfectlegalsystem,effectiveexecutivesystemandreason,thelegalsystemshouldbewellestablis,thelegalsystemshouldalsokeeppacewiththetimesandbeadjustedint,afair,justandefficientfinancialdisputehearingandarbitrationmechanismshouldbesetupunancialdisput,theviewpointofestablishingani,pilotcourtshavebeensetupinShanghai,Henan,,theInternationalFinancialArbitrationCourtbegantooperateinHague,specializinginofferingarbitrationservicesfordisputesarisin,financialsupervis,hiddenillegalconductsanddifficultyinobtainingevidencethroughinvestigationfeaturefinancialtransactions,plusfinancialinvestorsbeingrelativelyscattered,thenumberofsmallandmediuminvestorsbeinghugeandtheclassactionmechanismbeingimperfectandincompleteinChina,therefore,itisnecessarytoprovidefinancialsupervisionandregulationdepartmentswithnecessaryrightstoenforcethelaws,suchasthequeryrights,,theserightsmustbemoderateandreasonable,sinformationasymmetryandconstructthelong-actingconstraintandincentivemechanismforborrowersForeignexperienceshowsthatinformationdisclosureislessdemandedwhenstockholdersconcentraterelativelyand,conversely,:Asmallnumberofbigshareholdersarefarmorecapableofacquiringand,accurateandtimelyinformationdisclosureisneededtohelpt,indirect-financing-orientedeconomieshavelesserpressureofdisclosinginformationtothepublic,while,Chinaismakingeffortstoboostthetransformationfromtheinvestment-drivenandscale-centeredextensiveeconomicgrowthpatterntotheinnovation-dr,callsforthemajoreffortstodevelopingserviceindustriesandsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,;(includingpubliccompanies,yettheimplementationstandardisdifferentfromthatoflistedcompanies),,listedandunlistedpubliccompaniestaketheinitiativeindisclosingnecessaryfinancialandbusinessope,thepassivedisclosuresystemiscarriedout,namely,informationiscollectedandcompiledunderthecreditreferencesystem,andinformationoninquirysubjectsare,theobjectiveandspecializedthird-partycommentsarevitalimportancetothesystem.澳门赌厅PT熊之舞重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ByChengGuoqiang,InformationCenterofDRCResearchReportNo134,2013(Total4383)heglobalagriculturaldevelopmentstrategymeanstocomprehensivelytakesuchstrategicmeasureslikedirecttrade,diversifiedimport,overseasagriculturalinvestmentandnew-typeinternationalcooperationinagriculture,activelytapglobalagriculturalresources,effectivelyuseinternationalagriculturalmarket,profoundlyintegratetheglobalindustrialchainofagriculturalproduction,processing,logistics,markingandtrade,andestablishasustainable,stableandsafeglobalagriculturalproductsupplynetworkcateringtothenationalgrainsecuritystrategy,withtheglobal-perspective-basednationalgrainsecuritystrategyasthebasicgoalandthebettercoordinat,itisastrategicdemandtoensuren,inonetotwodecadestocome,alongwiththeconstantprogressofindustrializationandurbanization,increasingpopulation,andupgradinggrainconsumptionstructurecausedbyhigherincome,China,thecontradictioncausedbyscarceragriculturalresources;inparticular,alongwithtightenedrestraintoflandandwaterresourcesanddegradingcomparativeadvantageofagriculture,theallocationofresourcefactorswillbeincreasinglyshifindtheconsumptiondemand,whileitisneitherpossiblenorrealis,pureself-sufficiencyofagriculturalproduceswouldrequireover3billionmu(15mumakeonehectare)ofsowingland,,presentingagapofabout20%whichcou,greatresource,environmentalandeconomiccostwouldbepaidfortheignoranceofthelargepopulationandscarcelandresourcesinChinaandover,strategicallyspeaking,itisunavoidabletoimportagriculturalproductsfromforeigncountriesanduseoverseasagriculturalresourcestoensurethenationalgrainsecurityandtheeffectivesupplyofmajoragriculturalproducts,anditisurgenttoformulateandimplementtheglobalagriculturalstrategyandestablishasustainable,,Chinashouldfurtheropenitsagriculturesectortotheousmoreactiveopenfields,improvethestructureandqualityofsuchfields,dimentofthefurtheropeningupofagricultureandani,overseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperationaswellasotherstrategicmeasurescannotonlyfullytaptheagriculturalresourceadvantageoftheglobe,catertothestrategicbenefitsofcountrieswithrichagriculturalresources,especiallydevelopingcountries,promotedevelopingcountriestoimprovetheself-sufficiencyofgrainandagriculturalproductsandenhancetheircapabilitytodealwithgrainrisksandensuregrainsecurity,buttheyarealsosignificanttomaintainastableandsoundglobalgrainmarket,eliminatepovertyacrossthewo,theyareimportantmovestodevelopgood-neighborandfriendshiprelationswithothercountries,especiallywithneighboringcountriesandestablishanew-typeglobalgovernancestruct,thereareasoundinternationalagriculturalresourcesbasisandd,globalagriculturalresou,,includingmorethan1billionhectares1suitablerespectivelyforgrowingpaddy,wheat,cornandsoyabean,indicatingapotentialyieldgrowthof8%-10%.Thepotentialforwheatyieldgrowthismainlyfromdevelopedcountriesandtransitioneconomies,whilethatforpaddy,menttheglobalagriculturalstrategyanddestrategyistoestablishanationalgrainsecuritystrategicmechanismbasedontheglobalperspective,andconstructasustainable,,thefollow,theimprovementofthecompreovethegrainsupportandprotectionsystemasthecore,strengthenandimprovethegrainreservesystemasthekey,improvetheagriculturalproductimportandadjustmentmechanismasthesupplementandbuildthemoderngrainmarketsystemasthesupport,soastoensuretheself-sufficiency2ofpaddy,wheatandotherstablegrainandformanewnationalgrainsecurityframeworkfeaturing"settingfootathomeandseekingglobalsupply".Second,theagricultural"goglobal"strategyshouldbeimplementedtoencourageenterprisesofvariouskindstoincreasetheiroverseasagriculturalinvestmentandgetinvolvedininternationalagriculturaltradeandcooperation,exploreandformthediversifiedagriculturalproductimportadjustmentmechanism,andestablishasustainable,,theinternationalcooperationonagricultureshouldbedeepenedandexpanded,withthefocusonagriculturalaid3toandcooperativedevelopmentofagriculturalresourceswithdevelopingcountriesorregions,edcountrieswithabundantagriculturalresources,activelyparticipateintheircomprehensiveagriculturaldevelopmentandtheconstructionoftheglobalsupplychain,andincreasetheeffectivesupplyofglobalagriculturalproductsthroughdiverseways;anditshouldalsosparenoeffortstoadvocatetheconceptof"globalresponsibility"toprotecttherighttofood,holdthatmajoragriculturalresourcecountriesandmajoragriculturalproductsexportershouldshouldercorrespondingdutiesandresponsibilitiestomaintainstableagriculturalproductionandproductssupply,reducetheshockofbiomassenergyonthesupplyandpriceofagriculturalproductsintheglobalmarketandsafeguardthebasicrighttofoodforpeopleoftheworld.ByZhangQi,ResearchTeamon"WorldEconomicTrendandLandscape",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo63,2013(Total4312)ationhasfurtherstrengthenediadjustmentofglobalizationins,dependingoninternationalizedproduction,foreigntradeandservices,cross-bordercapitalflowsandtechnicalinnovation,variouscountrieshavemadeintensifiedeffortsinopeningupinternationalmarketsandallocatingglobalresources,whichhavetighteneduptheireecovery,withliberalizationremainingasthemaintrendIn2011,globaltradeandcross-borderinvestmentuppedby44%and27%,respectively,,anindicationoftwo-wayreadjustmentofinvestmentpoliciesbyvariouscountrieshascroppedupafterthefinancialcrisis,andmostcountriescontinuetheiropenp,67newpoliciesaffectingforeigninvestmentwereunveiledglobally,andthepercentageofrestrictivepolicieshasdroppedfrom32%in2010to22%.Intermsofinstitutionalarrangement,thecontinuousandrapidgrowthofregionalandbilateralfreetradearrangement(FTA),thenumberofregionaltradeagreement(RTA)reportedtoGATTorWTOhadreachedatotalof546,,aturnaroundtoimportanteconomiesandaninstitutionalarrangementforestablishingtrans-regionalfreetrternationalizedproductionacrosstheglobeInrecentyears,tra,internationalizedproductionbytranssannualsurvey,in2011theoverseassalesrevenuesandstaffincreaseof100largesttransnationalcorporationsworldwideallgr(TNI)formeasuringinternationalizationlevel,amongnon-bankingenterprisesglobally,%%veincreasedevidentlyThepost-crisisperiodtendstogive,variouscountrieshaveincreasedRDinvestmentsandroleindustrializationoftechnicalinnovationhasalongwaytogo,breakthroughshavebeenconstantlyachievedinthenewroundoftechnicalinnovationscharacterizedbythein-depthdevelopmentandapplicationofinformationtechnologiesandbythedevelopmentofnewmaterialsandnewenergyresources,whichwillinjectnewvitalitiesforglobaleconomicgrowthandhelpsvariouscountriestoacc,issueslikeclimatechange,environmentalprotection,resourcescarcity,foodsafety,priceperformanceofbulkcommoditiesandpopulationaging,haveincreasedevidentlyacrosstheglobe,becomingcriticalfactorsaffectingthesustainableeconomicdevelopmentofvariouscountries,makingthemtobeclearlyawarethatonlybycementinginternationalcooperaemergingeconomieshavebecomeanewmotiveforceforglobalizationOveralongperiodoftime,developedcount,theeconomicgrowthofemergingeconomieswerenotablyhigherthandevelopedeconomies,overalleconomicdevelopmentassumesanacceleratedupwardtrend,andtherobustdevelopmentoftheemergingeconomiesandtheweakgrowthofdevelopedcountriesinthecourseofeconomicrecoveryhaveevidentl,between2000~2011,thedevelopedcountriesrepresentedbyG7sawtheireconomicaggregatedropfrom66%to48%,whileE24sawtheirsrisefrom16%to29%.Intermsoftradeandinvestmentvolumes,theinternationalstandingofemesimportstotheglobaltotaldroppedfromnearly50%to37%,whilethatofE24sescalatedfrom16%to28%duringthesameperiod;in2011,theratiooffinish%;in2012,,yetdevelopingcountriesattracted680billionUSdollarsofFDI,exceedingthatofdevelopedcountriesforthefirsttime,accountingforarecordhighof23%and37%respectively,developedcountrieshavealwaysplayedasthepropeller,,emergingeconomiesanddevelopingcountries,throughforeigntradeandtheattractionofinvestments,havegraduallygotintegratedwithinternationalproductionsystemandglobaldivisionoflabor,,during2008~2011nearly90%,urbanizationanddeepeningglobaldivisionofvaluechains,emergingeconomieswillshowhugegrowthpotentialsandmammothdemandforglobalresources,technologies,overseasmarketsandcross-borderinvestments,,withtheimprovementofthelivingstandards,peopleofmiddleclasswillshowupinbignumbersandwillbecomeanewspotlightforfutureconsumptiongrowth,:ADifferentWorld,aresearchreportpublishedbyUSNationalIntelligenceCouncilinDecember2012,during2000~2020,ChinasGDPgrowthwillmakeup55%oftheworldtotaland,by2030IndiaandChinawillconstitutethemajormiddle-classconsumptionshareintheworld,largerthanthetotaloftheUnitedStatesandEUputtogether.ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReport,(Total4571),peoplehavenoticedthefollowingincidentsthatRMBdepreciatedagainstUSdollar,variousdomesticcapitalpricesfellquickly,creditdefaultriskescalated,nomicandfinancialperformance,,,theconfusionofcapitalmarketshowsthatthemarketsfunctioninoptimizationofresourcesallocationunderthecurrentenvironmenthasbeengreatlyrestrained,ourcesmisallocationOntheonehand,moreandmoreinstitutions,linksandchainsrangingfromcapitalsourcestocapitalusersareinvolved,makingfundcirculationbecomeincrea,agrowingamountofcapitalinChinaispooled,converte,ahostofadministrativecontrolandsupervisionmeasuresarestillinplace,,financialinstitutionshaveescapedvariousfinancialcontrols(whichactuallyreflectsChinasdeepeningliberalizationininformalfinancialsystem)andinputtedcapitalintotheareasdiscourage,moreandmorefinancialinstitutionsandquasi-financialinstitutionsneedtobeincorporatedintothecapitalchain,,bondsandstockswitharelativelyshortchaininthetotalsocialfinancing,itwasabove80%before2009,butdroppedtoover70%in2010-2012andfurtherdroppedtoaround60%tedloansandtrustloans(Figure1).ByZhangChenghui,WangGangZhengHong,,’sFinancialSectorLegalsystemexercisesgreatimpactsonthedevelopmentoffinancialsectorduetoitsnatureofbeinga“contract-intensiveindustry”whichinvolvesmuchmoreintensiveandcomplexcontractualarrangementsinthepr,itismorelikelytoseeproblemslike“asymmetricinformation”and“moralhazard”.Shouldcontractsareimplementedwithoutsupervision,tradingrisksareboundtogreatlyincrease,affectinginvestors’informationandwillingnesstoentertransaction,awsisacommonproblemduringpreviousfinancialcriseswhichwerecausedbyvariousreasons①.Onlywithanopenandtransparentsystemoffinanciallawswhicheffectivelyprotectstherightsofmarketparticipants,canthesystemsuccessivelyattractmarketplayersfromhomeandabroadtoinvestandparticipateinmarkettransaction,andachievethesustainabledevel’,ratherthanadministrativepower,ureboosttherealeconomyinamoreefficientwaythroughaseriesofreforms,whichobviouslyshouldbeled,,itisnolongerfeasibletoover,regulatoryauthoritiesfindithardtodealwiththecomplicatedfinancialmarket,whi,regulatorsstrengthentheirauthoritybyexpandingpower,worseningproblemslikevyingtoregulate,gettingprofitsfromregulation,,orwithintensifyingcompetitioninfinancialmarket,quickerinte,abstractandvaguewayofauthorizingthepoweroflawenforcement,andi,itisimportanttoregulateandadjustrelationsamongfinancialregulators,institutions,markets,andclientsthroughlegalmeans,’sFinancialSectorThefirstprincipleallocatingresources,,theimprovementoffinanciallawsshouldbeguidedbytheideathatmarketplaysadecisiv,properlyassignlegalresponsibilitiestocriticallinksandtolawenforcementinstitutionssoastocreateeffectivejudicialrestraint,,participantsaremorelikelytobedrivenbyprofits,,specialattentionshouldbegiventosupervisingthefinancialproductsandactivitiesthataremulti-sector,highlyleveraged,off-balance-sheetassets,’interestsandaccumulationofsystemicrisksduetounfairfactors,suchasimbalancebetweenpowerandresponsibility,imbalancebetweencostandprofit,,itisnecessarytomatchusufructoffinancialbusinesswithcorrespondinglegalresponsibilities,regulatesellersofhigh-riskproducts,severelypunishfraud,induction,andnon-compliancetransaction,,weshouldmakelawastrongerdeterrent,regulatethemechanismofascertainingrelevantpartiescivilorcriminalliabilities,terestsoffinancialconsumers(especiallysmallandmediuminvestors).Theprimaryparticipantsinfinancialmarketareinvestors,,smallandmediuminvestorswillmosteasilysufferlossesbecauseofopaqueinformation,,financialconsumers,especiallysmallandmediuminvesto,weshouldcreateamechanismoperationalinthelegalframework,’(1),weshouldkeepthelegislativeobjectivestable,andavoidfrequentadjustmentswiththechangesinsituationssoasnottoimpairtheauthorityofl,,itisimportanttoformulatelawsandregulationswithprotectingrightsasthepriority,a,weshouldformulatedetailedratherthangenerallaws,andmeanwhilemakeiteasiertoenforcelawsbymakingarticlesasdetailedaspossible,reducingambiguity,andavoidingthesituationwherehigher-levellawsareinconsistentwiththelower-levellawsb,weshouldaddarticlesforjudicialdecisionstoimprovethejustifiabilityoffinanciallaws.(2)Weshouldlegislateinamorescientificanddemocraticwaybyadjustingthelegislatingprocess,increasingthetransparencyoflegislatingandamendinglaws.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Figure1TypesofEconomicGrowthTrajectoryTheaboveclassificationmainlyfocusesontheeconomictake-offandthegrowthrate,,itisbelievedthatoncetakingoff,holeprocessofin,101economiesaroundtheworldhavesteppedintothegroupofmiddleincomecountries;andby2008,only13ofthemdevelopedtobehigh-incomecountries,completedtheirepicmissionofcatchingupandsucceededinnaturallandingathighincomelevels(theireconomicgrowthpatternisshownintherightpartofthesolidblacklineinFigure1).ThesesuccessfuleconomiesincludeJapan,SouthKorea,TaiwanofChina,HongKongSAR,PuertoRico,Mauritius,,witnessedeconomicstagnationorevenrecessionduetovariousreasonsduringcatchingup,andfellintothe"middleincometrap2"(theirgrowthpatternisshownbytheredlineinFigure1).Examplesincl-upprocesstherearetwodifferentscenarios:oneisanaturallanding,featuredwithsuccessfulindustrialization,slowdownoftheeconomicgrowthafterthecompletionofthecatching-upmissionandtheproduction(orgrowth)peaksofrepresentativeindustrialproductssuchasinfrastructure,housing,,,Germany,JapanandSouthKorea,whichcaughtupsuccessfullyaftertheWorldWarII,,whichmeansthemissionofcatchingupfailswhenthecatchingupprocessisinterruptedduetoproblemsintheeconomicsystem,developmentstrategy,andsocialdifferentiation,orforotherreasons,,000–6,,theeconomicgrowthslowsdownsharply–mostlybymorethan50%4–,,especiallysince2011,theChineseeconomyhastakenonsomenewcharacteristics,makingpeopleshowmoreandmoreconcernaboutthefactthatwhatalandingwillChinahaveinitseconomiccatchingupprocessandwillitbeanaturallandingorafallintothemiddleincometrap...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,"middleincometrap".Itroughlydescribessuchaphenomenon:whenacountrygetsridoftheMalthusianCycle,itseconomy,featuredwithindustrialization,willseethestartofeconomicgrowthinamodernsense;itsper-capitaaverageincomewillimprovesignificantlyinaperiodoftime,,itseconomystagnatesorrecedesforalongperiodandfailtogrowintoahig,Germany%;in1969whenitsper-capitaGDPreached10,440internationaldollars,,%.InJapan,%;andafteritsper-capitaGDPreached11,434internationaldollarsin1973,itseconomicgrowthdecelerated,and;from1973to1983,%.InSouthKorea,%;in1995whenitsper-capitaGDPreached11,850internationaldollars,itseconomicgrowthalsosloweddownevidently,%,from1981to2000,Brazil,ArgentinaandMexicoseconomyslippedintoprotractedstagnation,%,50%%respectivelyincomparisonwiththeaveragesduringtheirrapidgrowthperiod(1950-1980).Again,from1950to1975,theaverageannualGDPgrowthrateofformerSovietUnion,Hungary,%,%,%%respectivelywhileduringtheperiodfrom1976to2000,%(forformerSovietUnion,thefigurewastheaggregatesofallmembercountriesafteritsdisintegration),%,-%%respectively.、澳门赌厅PT熊之舞用户至上澳门澳博OG视讯sbasicnationalconditionsandtheoverallsituationofreformandopeningup,weshould,inoneortwodecadestocome,enhanceourstrategicawarenessoffurtheropening-upagriculturalsector,focusonsafeguardingnationalfoodsecurityandsupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandtargetatbetterutilizationofoverseasanddomesticmarketsandresourcesinallrespects,soastocomprehe,weshouldformulatetheoverallplanforexpandingagriculturalopening-llyawareoftheimportanceandcomplexityoffoodsecurityforsuchapopulousdevelopingcountryaswellastheshortageofresourcesrestrainingChinaesinacoordinatedwaywhilepursuinggrainself-sufficiency,soastoensurefoodsecurityandtheeffectivesupplyofmajoragriculturalproductsandpromoteChinanvestmentandcooperationandtheestablishmentoftheglobalsupplynetworkofa,wewillstudyandworkoutaspecialplanforimplementingtheglobalagriculturalstrategytoguidejointeffortsindevelopingandutilizingglobalagricult,wewilldeepenthereformofagriculturalmanagementsystemtostrengthenaamentallysolvethesystematicproblemrelatedtodepartmentsegmentation,overlappingandmissingofmanagement,inordertoestablishandimprovethesyurity,suchasrice,intothenationalfoodsecuritystrategy,inordertofurtherimproveandstrenndimportofagriculturalproductsservingthestrategicinterestsofthenationalfoodsecurity,uritymanagementandthemechanismforthereportandsafetyinspectionregardingthexpandingagricult,wewillsetupandimprovethectionwithimportofagriculturalproducts,accordingtothechangeofthesupply-demandrelationshipandpriceofagriculturalproductsbothathomeandabroad,andeffectivelyregulateimportstoavoidshocksindningsystemagainstdamagestodomesticindustriesaswellasaquickresponsemechanism,andmakefulluseoftraderemedymeasuressuchasanti-dumping,anti-subsidiesandprotectivemeasurestoputinplaceanemergencyresponse,,Chinaneedstoactivelyparticipateinglobalagriculturalgover,itwillpromotetheestablishmentofafairandreasonableneworderrelatedtointernationalagriculturalinvestmentandtradeandmeanwhileformulateglobalruleswhichc,wewillpromotebilateralnegotiationandcoordination,withmoreeffortsfocusedonnegotiatingwithmajorcountriesonfreetradezonesandfacilitateextensivecooperationwithdevelopingcountries,,wewillsupportinternationalinstitutionssuchastheFoodandAgricultureOrganization(FAO)andnon-governmentalorganizations,andconductactivitiesrelatedtoinformationsharing,consultingadviceandassistancewngtheGlobalAgriculturalStrategyWeshouldimplementtheglobalagriculturalstrategyandbuildasustainable,ternationalmarketsandresources,soastoguaranteenatio,offerbettergovernmentplanningandservices,isiculturalinvestmentstrategyisplayedbyenterprisesratherthangovernment,asthelatterismainlyresponsibleforcreatingagoodinvestmenteprovalandtoinnovatesystemsandmechanisms,reducethegovernmentsintervention,upliftrestrictionsonoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperat,suchasinternationalagriculturaltrade,overseasinvestmentandcooperation,andgetcloselya,theoperationmechanismfortheglobalagriculturalimportsupplychainwillbeestablishedwiththejointeffortsofenterprisesandthegovernment,ionalloans,andprioritizeoverseasagriculturalinvestmentandcooperationasmajorprojectsinprovidinggovernmentassistance.,2,PresidentXiJinping’sscientificexpositionthatChina’seconomyisenteringthenewnormalwillbeadoptedasthegeneralideawhenweformulatedevelopmentstrategies,,2015isnotonlythelastyearofthe12thFive-YearPlan(2011-2015),butalsotheyearinwhichthenewFive-YearPlan(2016-2020),theyearof2015isalsoessentialinwhichasolidfoundationshouldb,averyimportantprerequisiteistocomprehendandfollowthegeneralideaof“understandingthenewnormal,adaptingtothenewnormal,andleadingthenewnormal”forChina’ndingoftheNewNormalAttheCentralEconomicWorkConferenceheldlastmonth,PresidentXiJinpinggaveasystematicexpositionoftheeconomicnewno’sdevelopmentinthefuture,itiscrucialtohaveasoberunderstandingofthechangesi,,majoreco,,,,developedeconomieshavealsocarriedouta“reindustrialization”strategy,resultinginane,oughprogressbeingmade,variouskindsofregionalcoope,andinthemeanwhileitmakesworldeconomicgovernancemorecomplicated,changeableanduncertain,whichtosomeextent,ewdDrivingForcesforEconomicGrowthFacingnewenvironments,opportunities,challengesandrequirementsintheeconomy’snewnormal,itisessentialtofullyunderstandthatdevelopmentisofle-incometrapandtomaintainChina’’swellknownthatdevelopmentisessential,,,ofcourse,isdifferentfromthetraditionalgrowthpattern,butitmuststillbeachievedataratewithquality,,,especiallyafterthereformandopening-upinthepastthreedecades,,China’spercapitaGDPwasabout$7,000,accountingforonlyone-eighthoftheUSandrepresentingalargegapbetweenthatofChile,ernandstrongcountrywithwealthypeople,Chinahastomaintainsustainable,,heindustrialrevolution,itisfoundthatthekeyfactordeterminingacountry’sdevelopmentiswhetherornotthecountry’,China’’,alleffortsforthecountry’,’slivelihood,,tomaintainastablesociety,,withregardtothetotalsupplyofanddemandforlaborforce,,asthestructureoflaborsupplyanddemandchangesinthefuture,,Chinawillhavemorethansevenmillionundergraduates,loyment,onlywhenmoderategrowthconnectedwiththepreviousgrowthmomentumismaintained,,financialsystemandbusinessoperationarelikelytobecoveredupduringhigh-speedgrowthduetotheriseofprices,,China’sfinancialriskshavealreadyaccumulatedtoacertainlevelthatcan’governmentdebtatalllevelshadamountedto30trillionyuan($)bytheendofJune2013,,assetpriceswouldshrinksubstantially,resultinginashaByZhangChenghui,WangGangZhengHong,,’sFinancialSectorLegalsystemexercisesgreatimpactsonthedevelopmentoffinancialsectorduetoitsnatureofbeinga“contract-intensiveindustry”whichinvolvesmuchmoreintensiveandcomplexcontractualarrangementsinthepr,itismorelikelytoseeproblemslike“asymmetricinformation”and“moralhazard”.Shouldcontractsareimplementedwithoutsupervision,tradingrisksareboundtogreatlyincrease,affectinginvestors’informationandwillingnesstoentertransaction,awsisacommonproblemduringpreviousfinancialcriseswhichwerecausedbyvariousreasons①.Onlywithanopenandtransparentsystemoffinanciallawswhicheffectivelyprotectstherightsofmarketparticipants,canthesystemsuccessivelyattractmarketplayersfromhomeandabroadtoinvestandparticipateinmarkettransaction,andachievethesustainabledevel’,ratherthanadministrativepower,ureboosttherealeconomyinamoreefficientwaythroughaseriesofreforms,whichobviouslyshouldbeled,,itisnolongerfeasibletoover,regulatoryauthoritiesfindithardtodealwiththecomplicatedfinancialmarket,whi,regulatorsstrengthentheirauthoritybyexpandingpower,worseningproblemslikevyingtoregulate,gettingprofitsfromregulation,,orwithintensifyingcompetitioninfinancialmarket,quickerinte,abstractandvaguewayofauthorizingthepoweroflawenforcement,andi,itisimportanttoregulateandadjustrelationsamongfinancialregulators,institutions,markets,andclientsthroughlegalmeans,’sFinancialSectorThefirstprincipleallocatingresources,,theimprovementoffinanciallawsshouldbeguidedbytheideathatmarketplaysadecisiv,properlyassignlegalresponsibilitiestocriticallinksandtolawenforcementinstitutionssoastocreateeffectivejudicialrestraint,,participantsaremorelikelytobedrivenbyprofits,,specialattentionshouldbegiventosupervisingthefinancialproductsandactivitiesthataremulti-sector,highlyleveraged,off-balance-sheetassets,’interestsandaccumulationofsystemicrisksduetounfairfactors,suchasimbalancebetweenpowerandresponsibility,imbalancebetweencostandprofit,,itisnecessarytomatchusufructoffinancialbusinesswithcorrespondinglegalresponsibilities,regulatesellersofhigh-riskproducts,severelypunishfraud,induction,andnon-compliancetransaction,,weshouldmakelawastrongerdeterrent,regulatethemechanismofascertainingrelevantpartiescivilorcriminalliabilities,terestsoffinancialconsumers(especiallysmallandmediuminvestors).Theprimaryparticipantsinfinancialmarketareinvestors,,smallandmediuminvestorswillmosteasilysufferlossesbecauseofopaqueinformation,,financialconsumers,especiallysmallandmediuminvesto,weshouldcreateamechanismoperationalinthelegalframework,’(1),weshouldkeepthelegislativeobjectivestable,andavoidfrequentadjustmentswiththechangesinsituationssoasnottoimpairtheauthorityofl,,itisimportanttoformulatelawsandregulationswithprotectingrightsasthepriority,a,weshouldformulatedetailedratherthangenerallaws,andmeanwhilemakeiteasiertoenforcelawsbymakingarticlesasdetailedaspossible,reducingambiguity,andavoidingthesituationwherehigher-levellawsareinconsistentwiththelower-levellawsb,weshouldaddarticlesforjudicialdecisionstoimprovethejustifiabilityoffinanciallaws.(2)Weshouldlegislateinamorescientificanddemocraticwaybyadjustingthelegislatingprocess,increasingthetransparencyoflegislatingandamendinglaws.、DVOR,2015AsChina’seconomyentersthenewnormal,itstransformationandupgradinghavebecomethekeytoChina’icalrevol,informationtecementthestrategyofpr’sEconomicTra,,representedbytheInternetofthings,cloudcomputing,mobileinternetandbigdata,thisnewgenerationofinformationtechnologydevelopsrapidly,,transmission,,widerandde“neweconomy”.ITindustryhasbecomeoneofthelargestindustrialsectors,inwhichmanyhugeenterpriseshavecomeintobeingbothathomeandabroad,suchasMicrosoft,Apple,Intel,Alibaba,Tencent,,thetransformationandupgradingoftr,theprimary,thesecondaryandthetertiary,arepenetratedbyITapplicationstodifferentdegrees,mmerceandtrade,,networking,mo’,governmentsofallcountriestaketheinitiativ,usuallyopposedtomakingindustrialpolicies,madethe“RevivingAmericanManufacturing”strategy,inwhichtheintegrationofthenewgenerat,theGermangovernmentissuedHigh-TechStrategy2020forGermany,puttingforwardtheinitiativeof“”.In2013,itsworkinggrouppublishedSecuringtheFutureofGermanManufacturingIndustry:,inwhich“”featuringtheintegrationofindustriesandITiscalledthefourthindustrialrevolution,aftermechanization,,atthe16thPartyCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,theCentralCommitteepu,“promotingindustrializationbyinformatization,andinturn,acceleratinginformatizationbyindustrialization”.The17thPartyCongressputforwardtheideaof“integratinginformatizationwithindustrialization”.The18thPartyCongres“InternetPlus”and“MadeinChina2025”.Formajorcountriesintheworld,ithasbecomedecisivewhetherornottheycantakeITopportunitiestoadvanceeconomictran’seconomyentersthenewnormal,Chinaisfacingatoughtaskofsteppingacrossthe“middle-incometrap”.Therefore,ifChinacanmakegooduseoftheopportunitiesofIT-driveneconomictransformation,itwillbeofgreatstrategicsignificanceforChinanotonlytoprovideanewdrivingforcefortheeconomicdevelopment,butalsotoenableChinatosurpassth’sIT-DrivenEconomicTransformationandUpgradingToachieveIT-driveneconomictransformationbymakinguseoftheopportunities,,ars,Chinahasbecometheworld’slargestexporterofITproductsandthesecondlargestproducerofITproducts,,nomattertheyarehardwareorsoftwareproviders,mostofthemhaveinvestment,’,producingmanyinfluentialITproductsmakersintheworldsuchasHuawei,ZTE,sinessscalesuchasBaidu,,Huawei,ZTEandTencentallrankedamongtheworld’stop25companieshavingthemostpatentapplicationsin2014,whichbestdemonstratestheabilityofRDandinnovationofChina’(Tianhe)computerwiththeworld’sfastestcomputing,butalsohasgrowinginfluenceinsettingth,representedbyTD―SCDMA,AVS,WAPI,,,,Chinahas649millioninternetusers,%ofthewholepopulation,,557millioninternetuserssurftheinternetviasmartphones,,Tandbusinessmodels,providingconditionsforcultivatingalargenumberofinternationallycompetitiveenterprisesforthe“neweconomy”.Inspiteofthis,whatismoreworthyofattentionisthatastheworld’slargestdevelopingeconomy,thereisagreatgapbetweenmanyofChina’straditionalindustriesandthoseofthedevelopedeconomies,,fromagriculturetomining,frommanufacturingtoservice,informationtechnologyisbeingapplied,tovariousdegrees,,traditionalindustriestaketheinitiativetoapplyinformationtechnology;whileinothercases,“neweconomy”e,theyaregenerallyi,thisprocesswillaccelerateandenjoyagreatpotential.---Ananalysisofeconomicsituationin2013andprospectsfor2014LiuShijin,YubinChenChangshengThisyearmarksthebeginningoftheoverallimplementationofthespiritofthe18thNationalCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChinaandtheconjuncturetoacceleratedevelop,theChinesegovernmentadoptedaseriesofregulatorymeasures,whicheffectivelyguidedthemarketexpectationandledeconomicoperationtoturnaroun,restrictedbystructuralproblems,thefoundationofcurrenteconomicrecoveryremainsunstable,%.Lookinginto2014,asinternationaleconomystabilizesingeneralanddomesticdemandgrowthfacesdownwardpressure,theeconomicgrowthispredictedtobeslightlyhigherthan7%.Whileimplementingprudentfiscalandmonetarypolicies,Chinashouldadheretotheguidelineofseekingimprovementinstabilityandpromotingprogressthroughstability,strivetoreleasethedividendofreformandstimulatemarketenergyandsocialcreativity,soastosubstantiallyreducecorporateoperationalcostandpromoteeeExtrusiveSinceJuly,economicoperati,thoughgrowthremainedlow,falsetradingconsiderablyreducedcomparedwiththebegineffectonupper-streamindustriesincludingheavyindustrybyover20%,scopeexpansionofVATforbusinesstax,administrationstreamliningpowerdelegationtolowerlevels,graduallyrelievedrestrictionforrailwayinvestmentaswellasthesettingupof,,,ture,growthofheavyindustriessuchascoalferrousmetalmininganddressing,steel,,realestateinvestmentdistinctlyfellbackinAugust,ecreased,andcoalinventorydaysofmajorplantsincreasedfromaround15daysinAugustto19days,,cokingcoal,coke,,,therebounddidn,economicrecoveryisfirstrefl,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,;meanwhile,therheroleofmaintainingproductionandabsorbinginventory,butdidn’tcausethevirtuouscycleofincreasedinventory,,,,%onayear-on-yearbasis,%.Amongthem,newprofitsofpowerandheating,petroleumrefiningandcoking,,%(1),anditwasexpectedthatM2shareinGDPattheendofAugustwouldexceed200%,problemssuchasthemismatchofallocationofresourcesandtermsinthefinancialsystemwereextrusive,andcapitalchainkeptextendinuchasrealestateandinfrastructure,andliabilitiesofindustrialenterpidexpansionofmonetarycredit,furthertwistedfinancialresourceallocation,pushedmarketinterestrateup,andsqueezedoutcapitaldemandofsmallandmediumenterprises.(2),changeswiththerealestatemarketinfirst-tierandsecond-tiercitiesaswellasthird-tierandfourth-tiercitiestendedtobeconsi,aftertherapiddevelopmentinrecentyears,ngandlandandstartedtoseesupplyexceeddemandduetocon,inordertopromotemunicipalconstructionandmaintainfiscalbalance,localgovernmentscontinuedtosupplyland,causingh,firsndpublicservices,,theshareoflandforhousinginthesecitieswaslowandbothlandandhousingwereinshortsupply,whichintensifiedthepressureofpricerisingandcausedthebubbletofurtherexpand.ByLiZhijun,Techno-EconomicResearchDept,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo42,2013(Total4291)ChemicalpharmaceuticalindustryisanimportantintegralpartofChinasmedicalindustryanditaccountsforabouthalfofthetotaloutputvalueofChina,structuralreadjustmentandthetransformationandupgradingofChinaschemicalpharmaceuticalindustryisofvitalimportancetofacilitatingtheever-increasinggrowthofthemedicalindustry,protectingandimprovingpeopleshealth,addressingnaturaldiscalrawmedicine,Chinacanproducemorethan1,500kindsofchemicalrawpharmaceuticals,withthecountryscapacityrangingfrom2millionto3milliontons,accountingforabout20%straditionallysuperiorproducts,suchasantibiotics,vitaminsandantipyreticandanalgesicdrugs,enjoyabigmarketshare,bulkpharmaceuticalchemicalswithdistinguishingfeatures,suchasstatins,perindoprilsandlosartans,havebecomenewsuperiorexportproductsand,thenumberofva,suchasfloxacins,statins,vitaminB2,rifampicinsandantibiotics,arenowallbeingexported,,chemicalagentproductionisjustinafledgingperiod,withnewdrugresearchanddevelopmentbein,000kindsofchemicalagents,andartemisinin,aChina-origindrug,iswidelyusedacrosstheglobe,makingimp,Chinainvestednearly20billionyuaninanarrayofspecificprojects,suchas"NewMedicineDevelopmentProject",bringingalongtheinputofapproximately60billionyuanofsocialfundsinpharmaceuticalinnovationsphere,andsetupover50corporatenationaltechnologycentersthroughcollaborationofmanufacturers,schoolsandresearchinstitutions,,,HISUN,,CHIATAITIANQING,,,KangHongPharmaceuticalGroup,LUYEPHARMA,,,,TransformationandUpgradingofChinasPharmaceuticalIndustryandtheCausesThepharma,theindustrycangeneratehigherreturns,,themainproblemsfacingChinaschemicalpharmaceuticalindustrymainlyinclude:enterprisesbeingsmalleratlargethantransnationalpharmaceuticalgiants,themammothnumbersofpharmaceuticalenterprises,lowerindustrialconcentration,low-levelduplicateconstruction,serioushomogenizationandlow-levelcompetitions,poort,thechemicalpharmaceuticalindustryhasbeenhardhitbypricereductionfor30straighttimesin14years,irregulartender-basedpurchases,andtheformulationofdrugmanagementpoliciesinsuccession,narrowingtheprofitmarginsofenterprisesandseverelyimpedingthepharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopment,GMPimprovement,comprehensiveenvironmentalprotectionmanagement,,whichmainlyinclude:oodandDrugAdministration,theimperfectionoftheexaminingsystemandtheunevennessoflevelsofenterprisesresearchanddevelopmentpapersallincuraviciouscircleofexaminingefficiencybeinglow,examiningqualitybeingpoor,exa"double-envelope"systemisadoptedbyvariouslocalitiesinpurchaseofessentialdrugsbyinvitationtobid,,thewarofpricereductionforworkperformancegoingonamongvariousprovincesandmunicipalitiesintender-basedpurchasingofessentialdrugshasmadesomedrugpriceslowerandlower,,thepracticeofseekingafterlowpricescouldneitherreflectthefluctuatingtrendsofproductioncost,norleavesanyreasonableprofitmarginsforenterprises,whichisadeviationfromthemarketlawandthreatenstheexistenceanddevelopmentofsomeChineseto,winningthebiddingatbelow-costpricesissuspectedtogoagainstsomeestablishedlaws,leavingtender-basedpurchasingofessentialdrugsinfaceoflegalrisks,encumberingtheenterprisetransformationandcripplingthecorecompetitivenessofChinamaceuticalenterprisesusuallyaccountfor10%~15%oftheirsalesrevenues,withsomeevenreaching45%,whilefundsusedbyChineseenterprisesinpharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopmentmakeuplessthan1%oftheirsalesrevenues,withasmallnumberreaching6%~8%.TheRDfundscostannuallybyallpharmaceuticalenterprisesinChinaadduptoatotalof10billionyuanorso,fallingfarbehindwhatisspentbyAmericanPfizeraloneinayearforpharmaceuticalresearchanddevelopment().TheaveragerateofprofitforChinesepharmaceuticalenterprisescomesgenerallyto9%orso,whereasthatofworldtop50pharmaceuticalfirmsamountsto18%,andthatoftop10evenreaches21%.levelredundantconstructionandovercapacityareindisputablefactsinChinasproductionofbulkpharmaceuticalchemicals(BPC),andanarrayofproducts,suchasvitaminCandpenicillin,havebeenclassifiedasrestrictive."Threekindsofwastes"generatedinBPCproductionturnouttobetheworst,,BPCiscategorizedbytheMinistryofEnvironmentalProtect,somelocalitiesarestillexpandingproductionblindlyandareengagedinredundantconstruction,thuscausingseverewaste.。

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